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what is penetration testing ?

Published On 28th May 2019

penetration testing

In this competitive world, everyone is busy with how to develop their organizations. They might not see the problems they are facing, and it takes an objective third party opinion to help. We consider only how much we are growing fast, but on one point out how secure we are. If you don't take action, this outsider could turn out to be an individual with nefarious intentions.
By all these, we need to secure our organization with a team of ethical hackers to pinpoint security issues. Ethical hackers perform what’s known as penetration testing, or an ethical hacking to search bottomless with their process. It is very important to an organization to penetrate themself with twice a year.
swiftsafe security has been providing our testing methodology and expertise to help the organization identify their vulnerabilities and protect them.

PENETRATION TESTING
A penetration test is a subclass of ethical hacking; it comprises a set of methods and procedures that aim at testing/protecting an organization’s security. The penetration test proves helpful in finding vulnerabilities in an organization and checking whether an attacker will be able to exploit them to gain unauthorized access to an asset.

YOU HAVE TO KNOW HOW IMPORTANT PENETRATION TESTING FOR YOUR ORGANIZATION.

In this insecure world high-profile security breaches have been dominating the cybersecurity world. As cyberattacks are growing very rapidly. The chance of online businesses falling into the traps of cyberattackers are also increasing rapidly. If the attacker exploits your business you might face lots of problems.

The reasons for why your organization needs a penetration test

• Check vulnerabilities before cybercriminals exploit them, the main reason why businesses need penetration testing is to evaluate the current status of an organization’s existing security controls and measures. A pen test is the best way to understand how vulnerable a business is and how it can be exploited.
• Reduce network downtime, with regular penetration testing, business continuity is easily manageable. Conducting it twice a year will ensure that the organization faces a conveniently recoverable system/network downtime. This also enables maximum network.
• Initiate a highly efficient security measure Penetration testing assists in improving the current status of an organization’s security infrastructure. Its assessment helps understand the security gap and the potential impact of cyberattacks on existing security approaches.
• Protect the company’s reputation and customer trust, Every security incident, especially the compromise of customer data, leads to a negative impact on product/services sales, a tarnished organization image, and loss of customer trust. Penetration testing helps an organization to keep its brand value and customer trust intact.

Types of Penetration Tests

There are several types of penetration tests; however, the following are the ones most commonly performed:

Network Penetration Test
In a network penetration test, you would be testing a network environment for potential security vulnerabilities and threats. This test is divided into two categories: external and internal penetration tests.
An external penetration test would involve testing the public IP addresses, whereas in an internal test, you can become part of an internal network and test that network. You may be provided VPN access to the network or would have to physically go to the work environment for the penetration test depending upon the engagement rules that were defined prior to conducting the test.

Web Application Penetration Test
Web application penetration test is very common nowadays, since your application hosts critical data such as credit card numbers, usernames, and passwords; therefore this type of penetration test has become more common than the network penetration test.

Mobile Application Penetration Test
The mobile application penetration test is the newest type of penetration test that has become common since almost every organization uses Android- and iOS-based mobile applications to provide services to its customers. Therefore, organizations want to make sure that their mobile applications are secure enough for users to rely on when providing personal information when using such applications.

Social Engineering Penetration Test
A social engineering penetration test can be part of a network penetration test. In a social engineering penetration test the organization may ask you to attack its users. This is where you use speared phishing attacks and browser exploits to trick a user into doing things they did not intend to do.

Physical Penetration Test
A physical penetration test is what you would rarely be doing in your career as a penetration tester. In a physical penetration test, you would be asked to walk into the organization’s building physically and test physical security controls such as locks and RFID mechanisms.

Categories of Penetration Test

When the scope of the penetration test is defined, the category/type of the penetration test engagement is also defined along with it. The entire penetration test can be Black Box, White Box, or Gray Box depending upon what the organization wants to test and how it wants the security paradigm to be tested.

Black Box
A black box penetration test is where little or no information is provided about the specified target. In the case of a network penetration test this means that the target’s DMZ, target operating system, server version, etc., will not be provided; the only thing that will be provided is the IP ranges that you would test. In the case of a web application penetration test, the source code of the web application will not be provided. This is a very common scenario that you will encounter when performing an external penetration test.

White Box
A white box penetration test is where almost all the information about the target is provided. In the case of a network penetration test, information on the application running, the corresponding versions, operating system, etc., are provided. In the case of a web application penetration test the application’s source code is provided, enabling us to perform the static/dynamic “source code analysis.” This scenario is very common in internal/onsite penetration tests, since organizations are concerned about leakage of information.

Gray Box
In a gray box test, some information is provided and some hidden. In the case of a network penetration test, the organization provides the names of the application running behind an IP; however, it doesn’t disclose the exact version of the services running. In the case of a web application penetration test, some extra information, such as test accounts, back end server, and databases, is provided.

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Author

Rakesh chandanala